Here is the question : CHEWING GUM IS BASED ON WHAT NATURAL RESIN?
Here is the option for the question :
- Dammar Gum
And, the answer for the the question is :
For hundreds of years, Mayans and Aztecs relied on a resin called chicle, which was harvested from the sapodilla tree in Mexico and Central America. In the event of injury, the sap itself serves as a natural bandage for the tree. Although ancient peoples in places like Scandinavia and Greece, as well as Native Americans, chewed on natural things, it was American innovator Thomas Adams Sr. who popularized the chewing gum we know today. Adams had planned to develop a rubber-like industrial material from the resin, but ultimately settled on boiling the chicle and selling it as gum. Adams and his sons produced over five tons of chewing gum per day by the 1880s. By 1980, all imports of chicle from Latin America had halted as manufacturers moved to synthetic components.
Chewing gum is a popular treat enjoyed by people all over the world. While the flavor, texture, and packaging of gum has evolved over the years, the base ingredient that gives gum its chewy consistency has remained the same for centuries. That ingredient is chicle, a natural resin extracted from the sapodilla tree.
The sapodilla tree is native to Central America and Mexico and has been used for centuries by indigenous communities for medicinal and culinary purposes. Chicle was first used as a chewing gum base by the ancient Mayans, who would chew on pieces of the resin to freshen their breath and clean their teeth.
The use of chicle as a commercial gum base began in the 19th century when American inventor Thomas Adams stumbled upon the substance while working as a secretary for Mexican president Antonio López de Santa Anna. Adams had been sent to Mexico to assist Santa Anna in his efforts to build a chicle export industry, but when those efforts failed, Adams returned to the United States with a large quantity of chicle.
Adams began experimenting with the chicle, trying to find a way to make it into a viable chewing gum base. In 1871, he successfully created the first batch of commercial chewing gum, which he called “New York No. 1.” The gum was an instant success, and Adams went on to found the Adams Gum Company, which became one of the largest chewing gum manufacturers in the world.
Chicle remained the primary chewing gum base until the mid-20th century when synthetic gum bases made from petroleum products began to replace it. While synthetic gum bases are cheaper and easier to work with than chicle, many gum manufacturers continue to use chicle for its unique properties.
One of the benefits of chicle is that it is a natural and sustainable resource. The sapodilla trees that produce chicle can be harvested for their resin without harming the tree, making chicle a renewable resource. Additionally, chicle has a neutral flavor, which allows gum manufacturers to add a wide range of flavors without altering the base.
Chicle is also biodegradable, which means it doesn’t contribute to the growing problem of plastic pollution. While synthetic gum bases can take years or even centuries to break down, chicle gum will decompose relatively quickly, making it a more environmentally friendly choice.
chicle is the natural resin that has been used as a chewing gum base for centuries. While synthetic gum bases have become more popular in recent years, many gum manufacturers continue to use chicle because of its unique properties and sustainability. Chewing gum made from chicle is a natural, renewable, and biodegradable choice that is enjoyed by people all over the world.