Here is the question : SOVIET LEADER MIKHAIL GORBACHEV INTRODUCED A REFORM POLICY KNOWN AS WHAT?
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The icy ties between the Soviet Union and the West, which had begun at the conclusion of World War II, persisted unabated during the Cold War. But when Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he introduced new policies of reform, including ‘glasnost,’ meaning ‘political openness.’ This softening of the position taken by the USSR paved the way for improved relations with the west, which in turn helped hasten the conclusion of the cold war.
Mikhail Gorbachev was the leader of the Soviet Union during a period of significant political and social change in the late 1980s and early 1990s. One of the key policies of Gorbachev’s leadership was a reform initiative known as Glasnost, which aimed to promote greater openness and transparency in government and society.
Glasnost, which means “openness” in Russian, was first introduced in 1985 as part of Gorbachev’s broader program of reforms, known as perestroika. The policy was intended to address the longstanding problems of corruption, inefficiency, and lack of accountability that had plagued the Soviet system for decades.
Under Glasnost, Gorbachev encouraged greater freedom of speech and the press, and loosened restrictions on political dissent and public debate. The policy also led to greater cultural and artistic expression, as artists and writers were given greater freedom to explore controversial themes and ideas.
however, Glasnost also had its share of challenges and drawbacks. The policy led to a flood of information and criticism that many within the Soviet establishment found threatening, and it also exposed deep-seated tensions and divisions within Soviet society.
In the end, however, Glasnost paved the way for greater political and social change in the Soviet Union, and helped to usher in a new era of openness and democratization. Today, the legacy of Glasnost and Gorbachev’s other reforms continues to be felt throughout Russia and the world, and serves as a reminder of the power of visionary leadership and bold ideas to transform the course of history.