What country controls the Arctic islands of Svalbard?

Here is the question :

WHAT COUNTRY CONTROLS THE ARCTIC ISLANDS OF SVALBARD?


Here is the option for the question :

  • Norway
  • Iceland
  • Russia
  • Canada

The Answer:

And, the answer for the the question is :

Norway

Explanation:

[STC00744] The Svalbard archipelago consists of nine arctic islands, the largest of which is called Spitsbergen. It is located north of the Arctic Circle, approximately halfway between Norway and the North Pole. It is thought that Svalbard was discovered for the first time in the year 1194; nevertheless, the modern world did not become aware of its existence until it was rediscovered around the turn of the 16th century. Russia, Norway, the U.S., Sweden, and the Netherlands all made competing claims on the archipelago for its coal and mineral resources, but a 1920 treaty gave possession to Norway. The coastline terrain of the islands is dominated by fjords, and they are home to a variety of Arctic animals including polar bears, reindeer, and Arctic foxes. Longyearbyen, which is located in Svalbard, is the city that holds the record for being the northernmost permanent settlement in the world.