Here is the question :
WHAT SOUTH AMERICAN CITY WAS ONCE THE CAPITAL OF A EUROPEAN COUNTRY?
Here is the option for the question :
- Buenos Aires
- Rio de Janeiro
And, the answer for the the question is :
[STC00778] You may be familiar with Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, for a variety of reasons (including Copacabana Beach, Carnaval, and Christ the Redeemer), but it’s unlikely that one of those reasons is that it’s a capital city in Europe. Indeed, Brazil was formerly a part of Portugal’s expansive colonial empire; in fact, Rio de Janeiro, the current city of Brazil, also served as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal for a period of time from 1808 and 1820. In the midst of Napoleon’s conquest of Europe, he had the intention of collaborating with Spain in an invasion of Portugal and partitioning the country’s territory, which would have resulted in the Peninsular War. The Portuguese Royal Family left Lisbon and relocated across the Atlantic to their affluent domain in Brazil, which was defended by British friends. This decision was made to ensure the family’s safety in the event of an invasion. They stayed there until 1821, long after Napoleon’s army had been routed there. After more than 300 years of control by colonial powers, Brazil attained its independence in 1822, when the Royal Family moved out of Rio de Janeiro. Up until 1960, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the nation’s capital. In that year, however, it was relocated to Brasilia.