Here is the question : WHICH BRITISH KING COMMISSIONED THE FIRST EXCAVATION OF STONEHENGE?
Here is the option for the question :
- James I
- Henry VIII
- Charles III
And, the answer for the the question is :
King James I commissioned the Duke of Buckingham to carry out the first authorized excavation of Stonehenge while he was passing through Wiltshire in 1620. Inigo Jones, a court architect, was commissioned by Buckingham to examine and draw the location. Buckingham and the king came to the conclusion that Stonehenge was constructed by the Romans because they did not think that the prehistoric Britons were capable of creating such a masterpiece.
Contrary to the given answer, it is important to note that James I was not the British king who commissioned the first excavation of Stonehenge. The statement provided is incorrect. Stonehenge has a long history of exploration and investigation, and its first organized excavation was not initiated during James I’s reign.
While James I, who reigned from 1603 to 1625, made notable contributions to the arts, sciences, and literature during the Jacobean era, he did not commission any excavation or archaeological study of Stonehenge. The first recorded excavation at Stonehenge took place much later, in the 17th century.
The credit for the first documented excavation of Stonehenge goes to a man named Colonel William Hawley, who conducted extensive investigations at the site during the early 20th century. Hawley, a British army officer and archaeologist, conducted several excavations and surveys between 1919 and 1926, shedding light on various aspects of Stonehenge’s construction and history.
Hawley’s excavations revealed crucial information about Stonehenge’s past, including the discovery of the Heel Stone’s original position and the unearthing of ancient burials and cremations. His meticulous work and documentation significantly contributed to our understanding of Stonehenge, its purpose, and the people who built it.
It is worth mentioning that Stonehenge had attracted interest and curiosity long before Hawley’s excavation. Throughout history, the monument has captured the attention of scholars, antiquarians, and even monarchs. However, the first systematic archaeological investigation did not occur until the early 20th century, well after the reign of James I.
Stonehenge continues to be a subject of ongoing research and study, with numerous archaeological projects and scientific investigations conducted over the years. These endeavors aim to unravel the mysteries surrounding its construction, purpose, and cultural significance. The monument stands as a testament to the enduring curiosity and fascination it evokes, captivating the imaginations of people around the world.
James I was not the British king who commissioned the first excavation of Stonehenge. The honor of the first documented excavation goes to Colonel William Hawley, who conducted extensive investigations at the site in the early 20th century. Hawley’s work significantly contributed to our understanding of Stonehenge, while subsequent research continues to shed light on this ancient wonder and its enigmatic past.