Here is the question : WHICH MODERN CITY IS COMMONLY CALLED THE “GOLD CAPITAL OF THE WORLD”?
Here is the option for the question :
- Istanbul, Turkey
- Athens, Greece
- Johannesburg, South Africa
- Dubai, U.A.E.
And, the answer for the the question is :
Now the economic hub of South Africa, Johannesburg was founded in 1886 after gold was found in 1884 at Witwatersrand, triggering a gold rush. The staggering quantities of gold that could be found on the ridge drew an increasing number of residents to the area. Johannesburg was formerly the source of forty percent of the world’s annual gold production and is also known by its Zulu moniker, eGoli, which translates to “city of gold.” Since the 1970s, many gold mines have been shut down, but Johannesburg is still the largest city by population in South Africa and the largest city in the world not situated on a body of water.
Johannesburg, South Africa is a city with a rich and fascinating history, and one of its most significant contributions to the world is its title as the “Gold Capital of the World”. For more than a century, Johannesburg has been at the center of the global gold industry, producing vast amounts of the precious metal and shaping the course of South African history.
The discovery of gold in Johannesburg dates back to the late 19th century, when a young Australian prospector named George Harrison stumbled upon a rich vein of gold in what is now the suburb of Langlaagte. This discovery sparked a gold rush that brought thousands of people to the area, and led to the establishment of Johannesburg as a major mining town.
Over the years, Johannesburg grew and evolved, becoming one of the most important cities in South Africa and a hub of global commerce and industry. The gold mines that once dominated the city’s landscape have since been closed or repurposed, but the legacy of the gold rush can still be seen in the city’s architecture, culture, and economy.
Johannesburg remains an important center of the global gold industry, with numerous mining companies and refineries operating in and around the city. The gold that is produced in Johannesburg is used in a variety of industries, from jewelry and electronics to medicine and aerospace technology.
But the story of Johannesburg’s gold industry is also a reminder of the complex and often fraught history of South Africa, with the exploitation of black laborers and the social and economic inequalities that continue to shape the country’s present. As Johannesburg continues to grow and evolve, it is important to remember both the triumphs and the challenges of its past, and to work towards a more equitable and just future for all its residents.