## Question

Here is the question : WHOSE WORK WAS CENTRAL TO OUR MODERN CONCEPTION OF BLACK HOLES?

## Option

Here is the option for the question :

- Edwin Hubble
- Stephen Hawking
- Carl Sagan
- Vera Rubin

## The Answer:

And, the answer for the the question is :

## Explanation:

Even while Einstein’s theory of general relativity served as a theoretical foundation for the existence of black holes, it was the ground-breaking study conducted by Stephen Hawking that attempted to tackle the intricate physics of the universe’s most mysterious celestial phenomena. Using relativity and quantum mechanics, Stephen Hawking formulated a theory in the 1970s proposing the possibility of both miniature black holes and bursting black holes.

Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist whose work was central to our modern conception of black holes. Hawking was one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century, and his contributions to our understanding of the universe have had a profound impact on the field of physics and beyond.

Hawking’s work on black holes began in the 1970s, when he co-authored a groundbreaking paper with physicist Jacob Bekenstein. The paper, titled “Black Holes and Entropy,” laid out a new theory of black holes that challenged conventional wisdom and opened up new avenues of research.

In the paper, Hawking and Bekenstein argued that black holes are not truly black, but instead emit a faint radiation known as Hawking radiation. This radiation is caused by the quantum effects that occur near the event horizon of a black hole, and it represents a major departure from classical physics.

Hawking’s work on black holes helped to revolutionize our understanding of these mysterious objects, which had long been considered some of the most enigmatic and unpredictable phenomena in the universe. His theories helped to bridge the gap between classical and quantum physics, and they continue to inspire new research and discoveries today.

Beyond his work on black holes, Hawking made significant contributions to a wide range of fields, including cosmology, quantum mechanics, and the nature of time. His work helped to shape our modern understanding of the universe, and it remains a source of inspiration and curiosity for scientists, students, and enthusiasts around the world.

Hawking’s legacy as one of the greatest minds of the modern era is a testament to the power of scientific inquiry and the human capacity for curiosity, creativity, and discovery. His work on black holes, in particular, has helped to transform our understanding of the universe and our place within it, and it will continue to shape our understanding of these fascinating objects for generations to come.